According to the U.S. Department of Education (U.S.D.E), Title 1 is the nation's oldest and largest federally-funded program that provides funds to school systems across the country. Title 1 funding is provided, "to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments."
Originally, the idea of Title 1 was enacted in 1965 under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and was later revised and renamed No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Under NCLB, schools must make adequate yearly progress on state testing and focus on best teaching practices in order to continue receiving funds.
The basic principles of Title 1 state that schools with large concentrations of low-income students will receive supplemental funds to assist in meeting student's educational goals. Low-income students are determined by the number of students enrolled in the free and reduced lunch program. For an entire school to qualify for Title 1 funds, at least 40% of students must enroll in the free and reduced lunch program.
How are Title 1 Funds Used?
How to use Title 1 funds rests with each school. The funding should assist schools in meeting the educational goals of low-income students. According to the U.S. Department of Education, Title 1 funds typically support supplemental instruction in reading and math.
A learning compact is an agreement between the home and school. The learning compact defines the goals, expectations, and responsibilities of parents and schools as equal partners for student learning.